How has industrialisation and animal domestication impacted the human gut microbiome´┐╝

The gut microbiome consists of all microorganisms that are present in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The gut microbiota, more specifically, consists of all bacteria, both commensal and pathogenic that reside in the GI tract. It has gained increasing popularity due to its newly discovered important role in metabolism and immune protection against pathogens.